What are the top 5 injuries?

Strains are by far the most common of all sports-related injuries, simply because we use a lot of muscles and tendons when exercising or playing. All of these moving parts are likely to stretch more than they should, or move in ways they shouldn't move, leaving them broken, damaged and in pain. Common muscle strains include hamstring strain, groin muscle strain. Most strains are minor and heal naturally.

The best way to reduce the risk of muscle and tendon strain is to warm up and stretch before doing strenuous activity. Sprains are for ligaments what strains are for muscles. Ligaments are the tissues that connect bone to bone. When these ligaments twist incorrectly, they can pull or break.

Ankle sprains are perhaps the most common type of sprain among athletes, followed closely by knee, wrist, and elbow sprains, etc. Sprains can be painful, take longer to heal than strains, and sometimes require immobilization to protect against future injuries. Pre-workout stretches and warm-ups can help prevent sprains, as well as practice good technique in the sport you're playing. Sprains often leave the ligament weak and susceptible to future sprains, so if you have a history of sprained knee or ankle, for example, it would be a good idea to support that joint with a brace while playing.

The knee is a very complicated joint and withstands a lot of impact and wear during most sports activities and, for this reason, we have given it its own category for possible injuries. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are quite common, as are tears, dislocations, and cartilage fractures. Knee injuries can be painful and debilitating, and sometimes require surgery to correct them. Again, warm-ups, stretching and good posture can reduce the risk of knee injury, along with adequate padding and reinforcement (for example, while playing contact sports).

You don't need to play tennis to have tennis elbow (golf is also a common culprit). Tennis elbow is one of several “repeat injuries,” a strain of the elbow ligaments due to overuse and repetitive activity. The best way to avoid this is to keep up. Take breaks, do other activities, and always do warm-up and stretching exercises before playing.

More common in contact sports, such as soccer, a concussion occurs when a sudden impact on the head causes the brain to wobble inside the skull, sometimes damaging the tissues that hold it in place. Concussions can range from mild to severe, with symptoms ranging from headache and dizziness to drowsiness and temporary loss of consciousness. Always seek medical evaluation from a spinal and brain specialist with any blow to the head, as sometimes more serious symptoms can occur after the fact. Never continue playing sports if there are symptoms of a concussion.

Concussions usually heal naturally with rest for a week or several weeks. The best way to reduce the risk of concussion is to wear a suitable protective helmet when playing contact sports such as hockey or soccer, or when riding a bicycle or skateboard, etc. If you have a spinal fracture, treatment depends on the type and severity of the fracture, as well as whether other structures are involved. Can fractures heal on their own just by resting? Keep reading for the answer.

About 55% of sports injuries occur in the knee. Knee injuries usually occur when the kneecap repeatedly grinds against the bone in the leg. This type of movement damages the tissues of the kneecap and causes pain. Sports that require movement above the head, such as tennis, swimming, baseball, basketball, and volleyball, are most commonly associated with this type of injury.

Knee injuries need to be taken seriously; without proper rest and healing, you could be left out permanently. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is responsible for connecting the thigh to the tibia in the knee. Sudden movements, such as stopping and changing direction and landing with a strong impact, can force or tear the ACL. This injury can be serious and requires immediate medical treatment.

Common symptoms of an ACL tear include a clicking or crackling sound, severe pain, and swelling. If you experience shooting pain in the front of your leg, you may suffer from shin pain. Sometimes they are the result of a stress fracture in the bone. This injury is commonly seen in runners, people who have increased exercise intensity too quickly, and people who play sports such as skiing that put pressure on the bones of the lower leg.

Minor shin pain can be cured with ice, rest, stretching, and proper shoes. It's important for a physical therapist to see a more painful shin splint to make sure it's not a stress fracture. The muscles of the inner thigh, or groin, are used to help bring the legs together. A pull injury to the groin usually occurs when you change direction suddenly.

Athletes who participate in hockey, soccer, basketball and soccer are more likely to suffer these types of injuries. Symptoms of a groin strain include acute pain, swelling, and bruising of the inner thigh. Sciatica refers to pain anywhere along the path of the sciatic nerve. This nerve branches from the lower back through the hips and buttocks and goes down.

This injury can be caused by improper stretching and is more likely to occur in athletes who participate in cycling, running, golf, and tennis. Sciatica usually only affects one side of the body. Back spasms can be treated with rest and anti-inflammatory medications, while sciatica and bulging discs require immediate medical attention and can also be treated by visiting a physical therapist. Resting and applying ice to the area can treat minor tears.

As the tear heals, your stability and strength will increase. It is important to allow the tear to fully heal before returning to sports. A severe or more complete tear may require surgery, months of rest, and physical therapy for total healing. Rest with your leg elevated and place ice on the damaged knee to reduce swelling and increase healing.

Prevent future sports injuries by performing exercises that strengthen your thigh and calf muscles to provide better knee support. If you are following physical therapy, a medical professional may prescribe a brace or ask you to bandage your knee with adhesive tape for additional support. It's important to rest after receiving a concussion diagnosis. Your doctor can determine the severity of your condition and recommend how long you should stop playing sports.

You may need to take your time to return to the same level of activity as before the concussion. Muscle Sprains and Strains Like many other injuries in baseball, muscle sprains and strains are usually due to overuse. In baseball, these types of injuries are common to the legs, arms, and back. The symptoms of sprains and strains will vary depending on the person and the severity of the injury.

Typical symptoms include pain, weakness and muscle spasms, but may also include bruising and swelling. These injuries rarely require surgery and can usually be resolved with physical therapy and RICE (rest, ice, compression and elevation). A sprain is a ligament injury that often occurs when a sudden force is applied to a joint or to a bone that forms a joint. A minor sprain occurs when a ligament is stretched, and a severe sprain occurs when a ligament breaks completely or ruptures.

Sprains are very common in the ligaments of the ankle, knee, elbow, shoulder and thumb. Minor sprains involve some pain, swelling and tenderness, which can usually be treated at home with RICE (rest, ice, compression and elevation). Most minor sprains begin to feel better within two days and resolve completely within a week or two. If you experience severe pain, swelling, bruising, or immobility, talk to your doctor right away.

Strains are very common in the hamstring, quadriceps, calf, groin, rotator cuff, and lower back muscles. Symptoms include pain when contracting or stretching the muscle, tenderness, swelling and bruising. Overuse injuries are the result of repetitive strain on tendons, bones and joints and can be caused by overtraining, imbalances between strength and flexibility, misalignment of the body, and incorrect technique. Some examples of common overuse injuries include tendonitis, stress fractures, shin pain, bursitis, and joint pain, especially in the knee or elbow.

Explosions and fires in the workplace are often caused by risk factors such as faulty gas lines, improperly stored combustible materials, or open flames. Resulting injuries incurred include damage to the respiratory system, varying degrees of burns, and even possible disfigurement. Explosions and fires account for 3 percent of workplace injuries and have the highest casualty rate of all possible work-related accidents. Musculoskeletal disorders are the most costly work injuries.

Back pain complaints alone cost employers more than $7 billion a year and result in the loss of more than 100 million work days a year. These types of injuries contribute to lost productivity and millions in annual costs of paying health benefits. The financial impact on the employer is one thing, but the long-term effects on workers can be serious and potentially debilitating, accounting for nearly 33 percent of occupational injuries. Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI) is the rapidly growing category of work injuries and comprises more than 100 different types of work-induced injuries, and are severe enough to inhibit simple activities with crippling and debilitating pain.

They could even, eventually, permanently impair a worker's ability to perform their work. Strains occur when a muscle or tendon stretches beyond its tolerances. This can even cause a very painful tear in the tissue. Painful shin pain occurs when the muscle that lifts the arch of the foot begins to break away from its joint in the shin.

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