Strains are by far the most common of all sports-related injuries, simply because we use a lot of muscles and tendons when exercising or playing. About 55% of sports injuries occur in the knee. Knee injuries usually occur when the kneecap repeatedly grinds against the bone in the leg. This type of movement damages the tissues of the kneecap and causes pain.
Sports that require movement above the head, such as tennis, swimming, baseball, basketball, and volleyball, are most commonly associated with this type of injury. Knee injuries need to be taken seriously; without proper rest and healing, you could be left out permanently. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is responsible for connecting the thigh to the tibia in the knee. Sudden movements, such as stopping and changing direction and landing with a strong impact, can force or tear the ACL.
This injury can be serious and requires immediate medical treatment. Common symptoms of an ACL tear include a clicking or crackling sound, severe pain, and swelling. If you experience shooting pain in the front of your leg, you may suffer from shin pain. Sometimes they are the result of a stress fracture in the bone.
This injury is commonly seen in runners, people who have increased exercise intensity too quickly, and people who play sports such as skiing that put pressure on the bones of the lower leg. Minor shin pain can be cured with ice, rest, stretching, and proper shoes. It's important for a physical therapist to see a more painful shin splint to make sure it's not a stress fracture. The muscles of the inner thigh, or groin, are used to help bring the legs together.
A pull injury to the groin usually occurs when you change direction suddenly. Athletes who participate in hockey, soccer, basketball and soccer are more likely to suffer these types of injuries. Symptoms of a groin strain include acute pain, swelling, and bruising of the inner thigh. Sciatica refers to pain anywhere along the path of the sciatic nerve.
This nerve branches from the lower back through the hips and buttocks and goes down. This injury can be caused by improper stretching and is more likely to occur in athletes who participate in cycling, running, golf, and tennis. Sciatica usually only affects one side of the body. Back spasms can be treated with rest and anti-inflammatory medications, while sciatica and bulging discs require immediate medical attention and can also be treated by visiting a physical therapist.
A sprain is a ligament injury that often occurs when a sudden force is applied to a joint or to a bone that forms a joint. A minor sprain occurs when a ligament is stretched, and a severe sprain occurs when a ligament breaks completely or ruptures. Sprains are very common in the ligaments of the ankle, knee, elbow, shoulder and thumb. Minor sprains involve some pain, swelling and tenderness, which can usually be treated at home with RICE (rest, ice, compression and elevation).
Most minor sprains begin to feel better within two days and resolve completely within a week or two. If you experience severe pain, swelling, bruising, or immobility, talk to your doctor right away. Strains are very common in the hamstring, quadriceps, calf, groin, rotator cuff, and lower back muscles. Symptoms include pain when contracting or stretching the muscle, tenderness, swelling and bruising.
Overuse injuries are the result of repetitive strain on tendons, bones and joints and can be caused by overtraining, imbalances between strength and flexibility, misalignment of the body, and incorrect technique. Some examples of common overuse injuries include tendonitis, stress fractures, shin pain, bursitis, and joint pain, especially in the knee or elbow. Vigorous sports activity or running can cause pain on the inner edge of the tibia, known as shin pain. The medical term for shin pain is medial tibial stress syndrome.
It often occurs after a sudden change in physical activity, so it's important to increase the intensity of your workouts gradually. Treatment for shin pain is usually conservative and consists of ice, over-the-counter pain relievers, and rest. If pain persists, you should see a doctor to rule out a stress fracture. Activities that cause you to fall forward or pull your leg out forcefully can strain your hamstrings, which refers to three muscles in the back of your thigh.
Treatment for a hamstring strain often involves treatment. You can progress to physical therapy to improve the strength and flexibility of your hamstrings once the initial swelling and pain have resolved. Resting and applying ice to the area can treat minor tears. As the tear heals, your stability and strength will increase.
It is important to allow the tear to fully heal before returning to sports. A severe or more complete tear may require surgery, months of rest, and physical therapy for total healing. Rest with your leg elevated and place ice on the damaged knee to reduce swelling and increase healing. Prevent future sports injuries by performing exercises that strengthen your thigh and calf muscles to provide better knee support.
If you are following physical therapy, a medical professional may prescribe a brace or ask you to bandage your knee with adhesive tape for additional support. It's important to rest after receiving a concussion diagnosis. Your doctor can determine the severity of your condition and recommend how long you should stop playing sports. You may need to take your time to return to the same level of activity as before the concussion.
You can avoid common sports injuries by taking precautions, such as using the right equipment and techniques for each sport. Although these injuries are common and difficult due to the nature of contact sports, proper warm-up exercises and stretching can help athletes avoid them as much as possible. It's common for athletes to continue training without having to deal with their injury, as it doesn't seem like anything serious. A rotator cuff tear, which consists of four tendons that hold the shoulder joint in place, is one of the most common sports injuries.
It's important to learn about some of the most common sports injuries so you can spot if something goes wrong while you're on the field. Strain injuries to these muscles are common in sports such as baseball, soccer, and hockey, which require a lot of side-to-side movement. At higher levels of basketball, with bulky people over six feet exhibiting high amounts of torsion through the body, it's not uncommon to see stress fractures in the feet. .